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J Med Chem. 1995 Jun 9;38(12):2152-7.

Synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of new parenteral optically active 3-[[(N-alkylpyridinium-4'-yl)thio]methyl]-2-oxaisocephems.

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Microbiological Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd., Tokushima, Japan.


The preparation and biological evaluation of a series of 7-[2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-2-(Z)-[(cyclopentyloxy)imino]acetamido] optically active 2-oxaisocephems, substituted at the 3-position with [(N-alkylpyridinium-4'-yl)thio]methyl groups, are described. The resulting family of parenteral compounds displays a broad spectrum of in vitro antibacterial activity. These compounds exhibit increased activity against Gram-positive organisms including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis which are resistant to most cephalosporins with a similar level of Gram-negative activity to that of the third-generation antibiotics. In vivo efficacy of new antibacterial agents in this investigation is excellent against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as compared with reference compounds. The in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity and the structure-activity relationships are presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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