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J Nutr. 1995 Jun;125(6 Suppl):1762S-1765S. doi: 10.1093/jn/125.suppl_6.1762S.

Branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex in rat skeletal muscle: regulation of the activity and gene expression by nutrition and physical exercise.

Author information

1
Department of Bioscience, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan.

Abstract

Branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex is the rate-limiting enzyme in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids in skeletal muscle. It is suggested that activation of this enzyme in the muscle during exercise plays an important role in the increased oxidation of branched-chain amino acids in the muscle. Evidence suggests that branched-chain alpha-keto acids, the substrates for the enzyme, regulate the activity state of the enzyme in the muscle during exercise through phosphorylation/dephosphorylation cycle of the enzyme protein. We propose a model for the mechanism of enzyme activation by exercise. In addition to this acute effect of exercise, we present evidence suggesting that exercise training modulates the enzyme activity and gene expression for the enzyme. Increases in the total activity as well as enzyme proteins by exercise training are suggested to be associated with mitochondrial biogenesis in the muscle.

PMID:
7782942
DOI:
10.1093/jn/125.suppl_6.1762S
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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