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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1995 Jun 1;129(1):33-8.

Kinetics of substrate oxidation by whole cells and cell membranes of Helicobacter pylori.

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Division of Life Sciences, King's College London, UK.


Oxygen uptake by Helicobacter pylori cells and membranes was determined. Cells from stirred broth cultures or agar plates, suspended in buffer, possessed a variable and apparently endogenous respiration which could be sustained for several hours. In contrast, oxygen consumption by cells from statically incubated broth cultures, in the absence of added substrate, was transient or undetectable. These latter cells, however, oxidised ethanol, fumarate, glucose, D-lactate, pyruvate and succinate, though glucose-oxidising ability declined rapidly. The Kms for D-lactate, pyruvate and succinate metabolism were low (< or = 20 microM) and oxygen uptake was approximately 1.5, 2 and 2 mol per mol substrate respectively, indicating metabolism beyond acetate plus CO2 and implying the presence of tricarboxylic acid cycle activity. Cell membranes oxidised fumarate, D-lactate, NADH, NADPH and succinate. NADPH oxidation was six times more rapid than that of NADH. Rates of oxygen uptake by cells suspended in buffer with metabolisable substrate were < 20% of those for cells suspended in a brain heart infusion medium. Uninoculated medium consumed significant quantities of oxygen.

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