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J Adolesc Health. 1995 Mar;16(3):200-3.

Family and peer influences on smoking behavior among American adolescents: an age trend.

Author information

1
Health Studies Program, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa 35487, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To study the age trend of family and peer influence on adolescent smoking behavior using a national sample.

METHODS:

Adolescents (N = 6,900), ages 14 through 18 years, from the 1988-89 Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey, were selected for analyses. Data collected included measures for smoking status of the adolescent and their family and peers.

RESULTS:

Peer influence, such as the smoking status of best male/female friends, proved to be the most significant and consistent predictor across all ages, while parental influence had little effect on adolescent smoking status. Gender-specific effects were noted in the peer influence of adolescent smoking.

CONCLUSIONS:

The peer influence on adolescent smoking, across ages 14 through 18 years, confirmed previous literature. However, no differential effect of family and peer influence on adolescent smoking was evident.

PMID:
7779829
DOI:
10.1016/1054-139X(94)00097-X
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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