Send to

Choose Destination
Trends Neurosci. 1995 Apr;18(4):168-72.

Mutations in the cell adhesion molecule L1 cause mental retardation.

Author information

Dept of Neurosciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106-4975, USA.


Recently, studies in the usually disparate fields of human genetics and developmental neurobiology have converged to reveal that some types of human mental retardation and brain malformations are due to mutations that affect the neural cell adhesion molecule L1. L1 has a very complex biology, interacting with a variety of ligands, and functioning in migration of neurons and growth of axons. Over the past few years, it has also become clear that L1 is able to influence intracellular second messengers. The identification of a number of different mutations in L1, some of which alter the extracellular portion of the molecule, and others that change only the cytoplasmic tail, confirm that L1 is a crucial player in normal brain development. The information gained from genetic analysis of human L1 is giving new insights into how L1 functions in the formation of major axon pathways, but it also raises unanticipated questions about how L1 participates in the development of cortical and ventricular systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center