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Psychol Bull. 1995 May;117(3):416-33.

Vocational rehabilitation of drug abusers.

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Division of Addiction Research and Treatment, Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19102-1192, USA.


Employment has been identified as an important element in the rehabilitation of drug abusers and, together with abstinence from illicit drugs and criminal involvement, is frequently used as a criterion of treatment outcome. The research literature for the last 20 years on variables affecting employment and the vocational rehabilitation of drug abusers is reviewed with an emphasis on (a) the identification of variables influencing the employment of drug abusers and (b) the evaluation results of interventions that have been developed for this purpose. It is concluded that a number of programs have been demonstrated to have had some success in the vocational rehabilitation of drug abusers. Specific recommendations are made concerning both the direction of further research in this area and the application of existing knowledge in current practice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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