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Life Sci. 1995;56(23-24):2065-72.

Anandamide inhibits macrophage-mediated killing of tumor necrosis factor-sensitive cells.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0678, USA.

Abstract

Anandamide (arachidonoylethanolamide) was shown to inhibit macrophage-mediated killing of tumor necrosis factor-sensitive murine L929 fibroblasts. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) demonstrated that L929 cells, co-cultured with Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes)-activated peritoneal macrophages from mice treated with vehicle, were either disrupted or had surface abnormalities and numerous punctate lesions. In contrast, L929 cells co-cultured with macrophages from mice receiving P. acnes in concert with Anandamide (20 mg/kg-80 mg/kg) or the exogenous cannabinoid delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; 80 mg/kg) did not exhibit ultrastructural abnormalities. Cytotoxicity assays were performed in parallel with SEM in order to determine whether ultrastructural observations correlated with target cell killing as measured by release of radiolabel from L929 target cells. P. acnes-activated macrophages from vehicle-treated mice elicited 41% specific release of radiolabel from [51Cr]-labeled L929 cells. In contrast, macrophages from animals treated with P. acnes and with 20, 40, or 80 mg/kg Anandamide exhibited 38%, 25%, or 28% specific release of radiolabel, respectively. Similarly, macrophages from animals treated with P. acnes and with 80 mg/kg THC exhibited 21% specific release of radiolabel. In vitro cytotoxicity studies using radiolabeled L929 target cells and conditioned medium from RAW264.7 murine macrophage-like cells allowed for determination of the time interval over which Anandamide exerted its inhibitory effect. Maximal inhibition of target cell killing occurred when conditioned medium was obtained from macrophages exposed to Anandamide for 1 hr prior to activation. In contrast, conditioned medium from THC-treated macrophages exerted its maximal inhibition of target cell killing when obtained from RAW264.7 cells pretreated for 24hr-48hr prior to activation. These results indicate that Anandamide and THC exert a similar inhibition of killing of TNF-sensitive target cells. However, the time interval over which these two substances elicit their suppressive effect differs.

PMID:
7776833
DOI:
10.1016/0024-3205(95)00190-h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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