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J Biol Chem. 1995 Jun 9;270(23):13766-70.

Structural requirement for cell adhesion to kalinin (laminin-5).

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Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Protéines, CNRS UPR 412, Lyon, France.


Laminin-5 (kalinin) was purified from spent cell culture media (SCC25 cells) by affinity chromatography on monoclonal antibody BM165. The protein was recovered as a mixture of the typical polypeptides of 165-155, 140, and 105 kDa as judged b SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis under reducing conditions. The amino acid composition of purified laminin-5 was in agreement with that compiled from the recently published cDNA sequences of the alpha 3-, beta 3-, and gamma 2-laminin chains. Moreover, the content of half-cystine residues in laminin-5 was about two-thirds that in laminin-1, which confirms the prediction of a smaller number of epidermal growth factor-like repeats in the amino-terminal portion of the three chains. The content of coiled-coil alpha-helices (27%) determined by CD spectroscopy was comparable to that reported for laminin-1, which indicates that the long arm portion of laminin-5 is equivalent to that of other laminin isoforms. The melting temperature was recorded at 72 degrees C by CD monitoring of unfolding and refolding of the coiled-coil structures during thermal denaturation and renaturation, respectively. The thermal stability of laminin-5 is therefore significantly higher than that of laminin-1 or alpha 2-chain-containing laminins, which suggests higher ionic interactions between the three polypeptide chains of laminin-5. Cell adhesion-promoting activity of laminin-5 was found to be strictly and entirely dependent on the presence of coiled-coil structures. It decreased gradually after heat denaturation of the protein above 65 degrees C and was totally abrogated at 75 degrees C. This is in contrast to laminin-1, which contains both conformation-dependent and -independent cell-binding sites on the long and short arm domains, respectively.

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