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Plant Cell. 1995 Apr;7(4):463-71.

Inhibition of the glycine decarboxylase multienzyme complex by the host-selective toxin victorin.

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1
Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331-2902, USA.

Abstract

Victoria blight of oats is caused by the fungus Cochliobolus victoriae. This fungus is pathogenic due to its ability to produce the host-selective toxin victorin. We previously identified a 100-kD protein that binds victorin in vivo only in susceptible genotypes and a 15-kD protein that binds victorin in vivo in both susceptible and resistant genotypes. Recently, we determined that the oat 100-kD victorin binding protein is the P protein of the glycine decarboxylase complex (GDC). In this study, we examined the effect of victorin on glycine decarboxylase activity (GDA). Victorin was a potent in vivo inhibitor of GDA. Leaf slices pretreated for 2 hr with victorin displayed an effective concentration for 50% inhibition (EC50) of 81 pM for GDA. Victorin inhibited the glycine-bicarbonate exchange reaction in vitro with an EC50 of 23 microM. We also identified a 15-kD mitochondrial protein that bound victorin in a ligand-specific manner. Based on amino acid sequence analysis, we concluded that the 15-kD mitochondrial protein is the H protein component of the GDC. Thus, victorin specifically binds to two components of the GDC. GDA in resistant tissue treated with 100 micrograms/mL victorin for 5 hr was inhibited 26%, presumably as a consequence of the interaction of victorin with the H protein. Victorin had no detectable effect on GDA in isolated mitochondria, apparently due to the inability of isolated mitochondria to import victorin. These results suggest that the interaction of victorin with the GDC is central to victorin's mode of action.

PMID:
7773018
PMCID:
PMC160796
DOI:
10.1105/tpc.7.4.463
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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