Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1995 May;268(5 Pt 2):H2092-103.

Large artery remodeling after myocardial infarction.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Tucson Veterans Administration Medical Center, Arizona 85723, USA.

Abstract

Rats with myocardial infarction (MI) after coronary artery ligation (n = 75) and sham operated rats (n = 40) were treated with captopril (2 g/l drinking water), hydralazine (80 mg/l drinking water), or untreated water for 3 wk. Arterial hemodynamics, carotid artery mechanical properties, and water permeability were measured. Arterial wall stress and interstitial fluid velocity were calculated. In infarcted rats, the characteristic impedance at matched pressure was increased by 135% (P < 0.02); captopril and hydralazine decreased characteristic impedance (P < 0.015). MI altered the material constants; captopril but not hydralazine normalized these constants. Water permeability was increased by 221% (P < 0.001) in infarcted rats; captopril but not hydralazine reversed water permeability (P < 0.05). MI resulted in a 59% increase (P < 0.05) in the arterial collagen area and a 22% decrease (P < 0.05) in the media thickness. Captopril but not hydralazine decreased (P < 0.03) collagen area. In conclusion, 1) arterial remodeling defined by alterations in the passive mechanical properties, water permeability, and structure occurs in rats after MI; and 2) captopril but not hydralazine reverses the arterial remodeling.

PMID:
7771560
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center