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Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1995 May 27;125(21):1033-40.

[Intensive care aspects in severe tropical malaria: clinical aspects, therapy and prognostic factors].

[Article in German]

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Medizinische Klinik, Departement für Innere Medizin, Universitätsspital Zürich.


In a retrospective study we analyzed the clinical and blood chemical data of 12 patients with severe tropical malaria in the intensive care units of the University Hospital Zurich and the Stadtspital Triemli, Zurich, between 1991 and 1994. None of the 12 patients had been exposed to malaria before or had taken drugs for chemoprophylaxis. 7 patients survived, 5 died from complications of malaria. According to the criteria of severe tropical malaria defined by the WHO, the following pathological clinical and blood chemical parameters were noted on admission: cerebral coma (2/12); blood hemoglobin < 5 g/dl (0/12), < 8 g/dl (2/12); serum creatinine > 265 mumol/l (3/12); blood glucose < 2.2 mmol/l (0.12); circulatory collapse/shock (0/12); bleeding/signs of disseminated intravascular coagulation in laboratory tests (4/12); acidosis with pH < 7.25 (1/12). Further signs of severe tropical malaria were: hyperparasitemia > 5% (9/12); qualitative and quantitative disturbances of consciousness (6/12); thrombocytopenia < 30 x 10(9)/l (9/12); hyponatremia 125-135 mmol/l (9/12), < 125 mmol/l (2/12); rhabdomyolysis with creatine kinase > 1000 U/l (4/12). The basic treatment consisted of parenteral quinine hydrochloride in all patients; doxycycline was added in 8 cases, clindamycin in 3. Adjuvant therapy with desferrioxamin was given in 3 cases. 6 patients had exchange transfusions. Parasitemia cleared in all patients within 5 to 6 days. Later in the course, 5 patients developed acute respiratory distress syndrome, 6 required hemofiltration due to oliguria, and one became comatose.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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