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Hum Reprod. 1995 Feb;10(2):415-24.

ATP content of human oocytes and developmental potential and outcome after in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.

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Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309, USA.


The relationship between the ATP content of mature human oocytes and developmental potential after uterine transfer of sibling embryos was examined in 20 non-male factor in-vitro fertilization (IVF) patients matched for age, fertility history, ovarian stimulation protocol, oocyte quality and number, stage and morphology of embryos at uterine transfer. ATP content was determined for uninseminated and unfertilized oocytes for each cohort, and for embryos that developed after dispermic fertilization or which showed significant fragmentation. The effect of reduced ATP content on meiotic maturation, fertilization and preimplantation development was examined in cultured mouse oocytes treated with uncouplers of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. The results demonstrated that meiotic maturation occurs in both mouse and human oocytes over a wide range of ATP contents, and that the ATP content of normal-appearing, metaphase II human oocytes can differ significantly between cohorts; however, a higher potential for continued embryogenesis and implantation in the human is associated with embryos that develop from cohorts of oocytes with ATP contents > or = 2 pmol/oocyte. The findings are discussed with respect to possible aetiologies and developmental consequences for embryonic development of different oocyte ATP contents, and the extent to which mitochondrial function may determine or influence the continued developmental capacity of embryos which appear normal and developmentally viable at the early cleavage stages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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