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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1995 Jan;35(1):75-84.

Biochemical comparison of imipenem, meropenem and biapenem: permeability, binding to penicillin-binding proteins, and stability to hydrolysis by beta-lactamases.

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Medical Research Division, American Cyanamid, Pearl River, New York 10965, USA.


Biological activities of biapenem, imipenem, and meropenem were compared with respect to permeability into Gram-negative bacteria, binding to penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs), and hydrolysis by beta-lactamases. Permeability for the three carbapenems was similar when measured in Serratia marcescens S6 producing a carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase. Penetration of the carbapenems was comparable with cephaloridine and faster than piperacillin or the extended spectrum cephalosporin cefotaxime. All the carbapenems bound most strongly to PBP 2 of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and to PBP 1 of Staphylococcus aureus. In addition, biapenem showed strong affinity with PBP 1a of E. coli and PBP 1b of P. aeruginosa. Selected serine beta-lactamases, including the extended spectrum plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases, hydrolyzed these carbapenems at rates < 0.1% that of cephaloridine. Metallo-beta-lactamases hydrolysed the carbapenems at measurable rates, with enzymes from Bacteroides fragilis and Xanthomonas maltophilia hydrolyzing biapenem at lower Vmax values than meropenem or imipenem. In conclusion, all the carbapenems exhibited good rates of penetration, bound strongly to PBPs in both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, and were stable to most Group 1 and Group 2 serine beta-lactamases, but were hydrolyzed by metallo-beta-lactamases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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