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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1995 Feb;107(2):R1-8.

The human gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene: complete structure including multiple promoters, transcription initiation sites, and polyadenylation signals.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


The interaction of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and its receptor is a critical event in the endocrine regulation of reproduction. We have recently cloned the gene encoding for the human gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (hGnRHR). Partial sequence analysis revealed a structural organization consisting of three exons and two introns. Exon II contains only 219 bp and the remainder of the approximately 5 kb transcript is distributed between exons I and III. The complete coding region for the hGnRHR represented only 987 bp leaving an extensive 5' and 3' non-translated region and potentially additional exons unaccounted for. This report provides the complete sequence of exon I and III and demonstrates that further exons are unlikely to be contained within this gene. Sequencing of the 5' end of the gene revealed the presence of five consensus TATA sequences distributed within a 700 nucleotide region. Primer extension analysis detected multiple transcription initiation sites associated with this cluster of TATA sequences. Transcription of this region up to the most 5' initiation site was demonstrated by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. The 5' non-translated region stretches between 703 and 1393 bp, depending on which initiation site is used. Several consensus cis-acting regulatory sequences were identified within the 5' end. These include, among others, sites for PEA-3, AP-1, and Pit-1. In addition, cAMP response element (CRE)-like and glucocorticoid/progesterone response element (GRE/PRE)-like sequences were found.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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