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Planta. 1995;196(1):23-9.

Coupling of phytochrome B to the control of hypocotyl growth in Arabidopsis.

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Departamento de EcologĂ­a, Facultad de AgronomĂ­a, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Etiolated seedlings of the wild-type (WT) and of the phyB-1 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. were exposed to red-light (R) and far-red light (FR) treatments to characterize the action of phytochrome B on hypocotyl extension growth. A single R or FR pulse had no detectable effects on hypocotyl growth. After 24-h pre-treatment with continuous FR (FRc) a single R, compared to FR pulse inhibited (more than 70%) subsequent hypocotyl growth in the WT but not in the phyB-1 mutant. This effect of FRc was fluence-rate dependent and more efficient than continuous R (Rc) or hourly FR pulses of equal total fluence. Hypocotyl growth inhibition by Rc was larger in WT than phyB-1 seedlings when chlorophyll screening was reduced either by using broad-band Rc (maximum emission 610 nm) or by using narrow-band Rc (658 nm) over short periods (24 h) or with seedlings bleached with Norflurazon. Hourly R or R+FR pulses had similar effects in WT and phyB-1 mutant etiolated seedlings. It is concluded that phytochrome B is not the only photoreceptor of Rc and that the action of phytochrome B is enhanced by a FRc high-irradiance reaction. Complementary experiments with the phyA-201 mutant indicate that this promotion of a phytochrome B-mediated response occurs via co-action with phytochrome A.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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