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Plant Mol Biol. 1995 Mar;27(6):1071-83.

Transgene-mediated auxin overproduction in Arabidopsis: hypocotyl elongation phenotype and interactions with the hy6-1 hypocotyl elongation and axr1 auxin-resistant mutants.

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1
Monsanto Agricultural Group, St. Louis, MO 63198, USA.

Abstract

Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants constitutively expressing Agrobacterium tumefaciens tryptophan monooxygenase (iaaM) were obtained and characterized. Arabidopsis plants expressing iaaM have up to 4-fold higher levels of free indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and display increased hypocotyl elongation in the light. This result clearly demonstrates that excess endogenous auxin can promote cell elongation in a whole plant. Interactions of the auxin-overproducing transgenic plants with the phytochrome-deficient hy6-1 and auxin-resistant axr1-3 mutations were also studied. The effects of auxin overproduction on hypocotyl elongation were not additive to the effects of phytochrome deficiency in the hy6-1 mutant, indicating that excess auxin does not counteract factors that limit hypocotyl elongation in hy6-1 seedlings. Auxin-overproducing seedlings are also qualitatively indistinguishable from wild-type controls in their response to red, far-red, and blue light treatments, demonstrating that the effect of excess auxin on hypocotyl elongation is independent of red and blue light-mediated effects. All phenotypic effects of iaaM-mediated auxin overproduction (i.e. increased hypocotyl elongation in the light, severe rosette leaf epinasty, and increased apical dominance) are suppressed by the auxin-resistant axr1-3 mutation. The axr1-3 mutation apparently blocks auxin signal transduction since it does not reduce auxin levels when combined with the auxin-overproducing transgene.

PMID:
7766890
DOI:
10.1007/bf00020881
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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