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Chem Res Toxicol. 1995 Mar;8(2):278-83.

Formation of 1,N6-ethenoadenine and 3,N4-ethenocytosine by lipid peroxidation products and nucleic acid bases.

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International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.


Lipid peroxidation (LPO) products are known to interact with DNA, yielding several types of adduct with nucleobases. In this study, we demonstrate the formation of two ethenobase adducts, 1,N6-ethenoadenine and 3,N4-ethenocytosine, by reaction of LPO products with nucleic acid bases. Rat liver microsomes were incubated at 37 degrees C for 30 min in the presence of inducers of LPO [Fe(II) or cumene hydroperoxide] and adenine or cytosine nucleotides or nucleosides, followed by further heating at 80 degrees C for 30 min to complete the reactions. The etheno adducts detected after immunoaffinity chromatography were 1,N6-etheno-cAMP and 1,N6-etheno-2'-deoxyadenosine (HPLC/fluorimetry), 3,N4-etheno-2'-deoxycytidine (competitive radioimmunoassay), and 1,N6-etheno-2'-deoxyadenosine 3'-monophosphate and 3,N4-etheno-2'-deoxycytidine 3'-monophosphate (32P-postlabeling). Incubation of arachidonic acid supplemented with Fe(II) also led to the formation of the 1,N6-etheno adduct from cAMP. LPO intermediates that may be involved are discussed. These data suggest that etheno adducts may be markers of DNA damage associated with LPO.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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