Send to

Choose Destination
Biochemistry. 1995 May 30;34(21):7186-93.

Purification, characterization, and amino acid sequence of a serine proteinase, PA-BJ, with platelet-aggregating activity from the venom of Bothrops jararaca.

Author information

Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, S.P., Brazil.


A platelet-aggregating enzyme, PA-BJ, was isolated from the venom of the snake Bothrops jararaca. PA-BJ in a concentration of 3.2 x 10(-8) M promoted 95% platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under reducing conditions showed a single protein band with an M(r) of 30,000. PA-BJ catalyzed the hydrolysis of several p-nitroanilide peptide substrates containing Arg or Lys at the scissile bond; among these the most sensitive were the thrombin substrates D-Phe-Pip-Arg-pNA and Tos-Gly-Pro-Arg-pNA. Both the platelet-aggregating and amidolytic activities of PA-BJ were abolished by reaction with phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride. Several benzamidine derivatives, which are competitive inhibitors of trypsin-like serine proteinases, also inhibited the amidolytic activity of PA-BJ. Among the compounds tested, the thrombin inhibitor NAPAP [N alpha-[(2-naphthylsulfonyl)-glycyl]-4-amidinophenylalanine piperidide] showed the strongest inhibitor activity on PA-BJ. The complete amino acid sequence of PA-BJ, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first of a platelet-aggregating enzyme from snake venom, was deduced from the N-terminal sequencing of overlapping fragments cleaved from the reduced and S-pyridylethylated protein by chemical and enzymatic methods. PA-BJ is composed of 232 amino acid residues and contains one N- and one O-glycosidically linked carbohydrate moiety at residues Asn20 and Ser23. Sequence comparison to other venom serine proteinases revealed significant homology, mainly in regions around the catalytic triad and conserved cysteine residues.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center