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Curr Microbiol. 1995 May;30(5):291-8.

Purification, characterization and antitumor activity of L-asparaginase isolated from Pseudomonas stutzeri MB-405.

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Department of Microbiology, Bose Institute, Calcutta, India.


An L-asparaginase produced by Pseudomonas stutzeri MB-405 was isolated and characterized. After initial ammonium sulfate fractionation, the enzyme was purified by consecutive column chromatography on Sephadex G-100, Ca-hydroxylapatite, and DEAE-Sephadex A-50. The 665.5-fold purified enzyme thus obtained has the specific activity of 732.3 units mg protein-1 with an overall recovery of 27.2%. The apparent M(r) of the enzyme under nondenaturing and denaturing conditions was 34 kDa and 33 kDa respectively, and the isoelectric point was 6.38 +/- 0.02. It displayed optimum activity at pH 9.0 and 37 degrees C. The enzyme was very specific for L-asparagine and did not hydrolyze L-glutaminate. The Km of the L-asparaginase was found to be 1.45 x 10(-4) M towards L-asparagine and was competitively inhibited by 5-diazo-4-oxo-L- norvaline (DONV) with a Ki of 0.03 mM. Metal ions such as Mn2+, Zn2+, Hg2+, Fe3+, Ni2+, and Cd2+ potentially inhibited the enzyme activity. The activity was enhanced in the presence of thiol-protecting reagents such as DTT, 2-ME, and glutathione (reduced), but inhibited by PCMB and iodoacetamide. The tumor inhibition study with Dalton's lymphoma tumor cells in vivo indicated that this enzyme possesses antitumor properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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