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J Ind Microbiol. 1994 Jul;13(4):258-68.

Analysis of Tn916-induced mutants of Clostridium acetobutylicum altered in solventogenesis and sporulation.

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Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455.


The conjugative transposon Tn916 was used for mutagenesis of Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824. Tetracycline-resistant mutants were screened for loss of granulose synthesis and five classes of granulose mutants, that contained single transposon insertions, were identified on the basis of altered solvent production. Class 1 mutants did not make acetone or butanol, lacked activity of enzymes induced during solventogenesis, and did not sporulate, indicating that they are regulatory mutants. The class 2 mutant strains also did not produce acetone but did form small amounts of butanol and ethanol, while the class 3 mutants produced low amounts of all solvents. Class 4 and 5 mutants produced essentially the same or higher amounts of solvents than the parent strain. Transposon insertions in the class 1 mutants were used as markers for in vitro synthesis of flanking chromosomal DNA using Tn916-specific primers. The DNA fragments were labeled to produce specific probes. Transposon insertion sites in the chromosomes of 13 different class 1 regulatory mutants were compared by hybridization of the specific probes to Southern blots of restriction endonuclease-digested parental chromosomal DNA. Insertions in two mutants appeared to be in the same region of the chromosome. These results predict that multiple regulatory elements are required to induce solvent production and sporulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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