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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 May 25;210(3):660-9.

Interleukin-8 induces its own production in CD4+ T lymphocytes: a process regulated by interleukin 10.

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Department of Dermatology, Marselisborg Hospital, University of Aarhus, Denmark.


The neutrophil and T cell chemotactic factor interleukin 8 (IL-8) is believed to play a pathophysiological role in the development of various inflammatory disorders. So far no other effects of IL-8 on T cells have been observed. We observed that purified CD4+ T cells in particular, but also CD8+ T cells, spontaneously synthesize IL-8 mRNA and secrete IL-8 protein. The culture supernatants of CD4+ T cells contained T cell chemotactic activity as well as IL-8 protein. In addition, we confirmed the ability of CD4+ T cells to produce IL-8 by double immunofluorescence staining and by the demonstration of IL-8 mRNA expression. Further, IL-8 induced its own production in CD4+ T cells, while its synthesis by CD8+ T cells was low and not always auto-stimulatory. Both the spontaneous, as well as the IL-8 induced IL-8 production, could be inhibited in the presence of human interleukin 10 (100 ng/ml). This observation suggests that IL-10 plays a homeostatic role in regulating the IL-8 circuit in CD4+ T cells.

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