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Am J Physiol. 1995 May;268(5 Pt 1):E941-8.

Diet restriction in rhesus monkeys lowers fasting and glucose-stimulated glucoregulatory end points.

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Molecular Physiology and Genetics Section, Nathan Shock Laboratories, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore 21224, USA.


Male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) of different age groups representing the species life span were fed ad libitum or a 30% reduced calorie diet over a 7-yr period. During the first 2-3 yr of this longitudinal study, glucose and insulin levels were not altered by diet restriction (DR). However, reductions in fasting blood glucose became apparent in DR animals after 3-4 yr. At the end of the 6th yr of study, glycated hemoglobin was measured, and intravenous glucose tolerance tests (IVGTTs) were conducted. Maximum glucose levels reached during IVGTTs increased with age but were lower in DR animals compared with controls. Several measures of the insulin response (baseline, maximum, and integrated areas under curve) increased with age and were lower in DR monkeys. With the exception of glycated hemoglobin, which was not different in monkeys subjected to DR, these findings confirm previous studies in rodents demonstrating that DR alters glucose metabolism and may be related to the antiaging action of this intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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