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Scand Audiol. 1995;24(1):13-8.

Psychological profile of help-seeking and non-help-seeking tinnitus patients.

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Institute for Noise Hazards Research, Medical Corps, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Ramat-Gan, Israel.


The psychological profile of tinnitus patients who sought treatment (Help-Seeking, HS) was compared with that of patients who did not seek help (non-help-seeking, NHS) and with normal control subjects. Psychological evaluations as well as hearing, tinnitus loudness, and tinnitus pitch were measured. Overall, the psychiatric symptomatology of HS (n = 50) was more severe with poorer effective coping abilities and externalization of locus of control than NHS (n - 50). However, the psychiatric symptomatology of the NHS was remarkably more severe than that in the normals (n = 73) and more like that in the HS even though they did not turn to treatment. Tinnitus loudness was significantly lower in HS than in NHS subjects. The lower the tinnitus loudness, the higher the psychiatric symptomatology. The trend towards subclinical abnormalities in NHS indicates their vulnerability to pathology and this requires the attention of the therapist in order to increase the patient's self-awareness and to suggest preventive coping strategies or relaxation techniques.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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