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Pflugers Arch. 1995 Jan;429(3):412-8.

Characteristics of ecto-ATPase of Xenopus oocytes and the inhibitory actions of suramin on ATP breakdown.

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Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology University College London, UK.


Ecto-ATPase activity of Xenopus oocytes was studied by measuring the production of inorganic phosphate (Pi) from the breakdown of extracellular ATP. Enzyme activity involved Ca2+/Mg(2+)-dependent and Ca2+/Mg(2+)-independent dephosphorylation of ATP. Ca2+/Mg(2+)-dependent ecto-ATPase was active over a limited range of 0.01-1.0 mM ATP, while Ca2+/Mg(2+)-independent ATPase activity was active over a range of 0.1-30 mM ATP. Total enzyme activity was insensitive to changes in buffer pH (pH 7.0-9.0), but increased in a relatively linear manner with: (1) time of reaction (0-90 min), (2) number of cells (1-20 oocytes), and (3) temperature (10-37 degrees C). Ecto-ATPase activity was unaffected by ouabain (100 microM), sodium azide (100 microM), and oligomycin (5 micrograms/ml) (as inhibitors of endo-ATPases) and beta-glycerophosphate (10 mM) and p-nitrophenyl phosphate (10 mM) (as inhibitors of non-specific alkaline phosphatase). Total ecto-ATPase activity was reduced significantly in defolliculated oocytes, suggesting that the enzyme was located mainly on the enveloping follicle cell layer. The range order of preferential substrates was: ATP>GTP, ITP, UTP, CTP, TTP, 2-methylthioATP>ADP, 2-methylthioADP, AMP>>alpha, beta-methylene ATP, beta, gamma-methylene ATP, in the presence of divalent ions (where G is guanosine, I is inosine, U is uridine, C is cytidine and T is ribosylthymine). The P2-purinoceptor antagonist suramin [8-(3-benzamido-4-methylbenzamido)napthalene-1,3,5-trisul phonic acid), 100 microM] significantly inhibited total ecto-ATPase activity; this inhibition was competitive for the Ca2+/Mg(2+)-dependent enzyme.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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