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Oncogene. 1995 May 18;10(10):1955-60.

UV-B/A irradiation of mouse keratinocytes results in p53-mediated WAF1/CIP1 expression.

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Eppley Institute for Cancer Research, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha 68198, USA.


The tumor suppressor gene p53 is involved in controlling cell cycle checkpoint or triggering apoptosis. p53 may accomplish these roles by acting as a sequence-specific transcription factor. One of the downstream targets of p53 transcription control is the WAF1/CIP1 gene, whose gene product p21 interacts with several cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases, resulting in inhibition of these kinases. In our previous studies, we have shown that the p53 protein level in mouse keratinocytes was elevated following UV-B/A irradiation. In this paper we further investigated the consequences of increased p53 protein level by characterizing p53 DNA-binding level and WAF1/CIP1 gene expression in UV-B/A-irradiated mouse keratinocytes. Consistent with the increased level of p53 protein, both p53 DNA-binding level and steady-state level of WAF1/CIP1 mRNA were elevated. We have demonstrated that the induction of WAF1/CIP1 mRNA was mediated by p53, since no WAF1/CIP1 induction was observed in p53-deficient cells upon UV-B exposure. These observations suggest an important role for the tumor suppressor gene p53 in the response of keratinocytes to the biologically relevant UV-B/A irradiation and in suppressing UV-induced skin cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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