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Biochemistry. 1995 May 16;34(19):6288-95.

Identification of nucleotide binding sites in the poliovirus RNA polymerase.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine 92717, USA.


Poliovirus RNA polymerase (3Dpol) was cross-linked to [32P]ribonucleoside triphosphates (NTPs) by reduction of oxidized NTP-protein complexes. Cross-linked complexes were digested with cyanogen bromide, and resulting peptides were fractionated by reverse-phase HPLC. 32P-Labeled peptides were purified by secondary HPLC fractionation and/or additional digestion with endoproteinases Glu-C, TPCK-trypsin, or Asp-N followed by another HPLC fractionation. N-Terminal sequences of the major [32P]-peptides were determined, and approximate sizes of these peptides were obtained by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Two major NTP binding sites in 3Dpol were found. One site was between Asp-266 and Met-286; possible binding residues in this fragment were Lys-276, Lys-278, or Lys-283. A second binding site was between Ala-57 and Met-74 with Lys-61 or Lys-66 as possible binding residues. Alignment of these regions on the known structure of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase allowed us to predict the position of the downstream nucleotide binding site in the conserved "fingers" subdomain present near the active site cleft of both RNA and DNA polymerases. The N-terminal nucleotide binding site is not contained within a region that is conserved among other polymerases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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