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Br J Dermatol. 1995 Jan;132(1):106-12.

Cyclosporin in atopic dermatitis: time to relapse and effect of intermittent therapy.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.

Abstract

The efficacy of cyclosporin (CyA) in the induction of remission in atopic dermatitis has been documented in controlled studies. However, little information is available on the duration of remission after CyA treatment. We studied the length of remission in 43 patients with severe atopic dermatitis after a 6-week treatment period with CyA at 5 mg/kg per day. After a follow-up of 6-26 weeks, depending on the time-point of relapse, a second treatment period with CyA, identical to the first, was performed. Disease activity was evaluated bi-weekly, using six different parameters: 1, a total body disease activity score; 2, the extent of the disease; 3, the occurrence of itch; 4, the occurrence of sleep disturbance; 5, the use of topical emollients; and 6, the use of topical hydrocortisone. A significant decrease in disease activity was observed. The total body disease activity score decreased from the baseline score of 31 to 11.6 at the end of the first part and to 13.4 at the end of the second part of the study. An almost maximal response to treatment was already apparent after 2 weeks of treatment. All the other efficacy parameters studied also showed a significant response to CyA treatment. A similar response to CyA was seen when the patients were re-treated. After both treatment periods, approximately half of the patients relapsed after 2 weeks (42% first part; 54% second part). After 6 weeks follow-up, the relapse rates were 71 and 90%, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
7756119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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