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AIDS. 1995 Mar;9(3):243-51.

Safety and immunogenicity of a V3 loop synthetic peptide conjugated to purified protein derivative in HIV-seronegative volunteers.

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Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.



To develop a peptide-based model for a preventive vaccine for HIV-1 infection.


Phase I trial in HIV-1-seronegative volunteers.


Adult healthy subjects HIV-1-antibody-seronegative in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, screened for tuberculin [purified protein derivative (PPD)] reactivity with 2 tuberculin units PPD-administered intradermally.


Submicrogram doses of a PPD conjugate with a peptide of the primary neutralizing domain (PND) of HIV-1MN (PPD-MN-PND) were administered intradermally to tuberculin skin-test-positive and -negative volunteers.


Antibodies to the MN-PND were measured after two immunizations in 10 out of 11 PPD skin-test-positive volunteers. After the fourth immunization high-affinity antibodies were detected, which persisted for over 1 year. High titers of MN-PND-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgA were detected in the serum and saliva of all volunteers tested. Serum antibodies were cross-reactive with PND peptide from some other HIV-1 strains but neutralized only the HIV-1MN prototype. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B7-restricted MN-PND-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were also detected.


The PPD-MN-PND vaccine at submicrogram doses is safe and immunogenic in PPD skin-test-positive healthy adult volunteers. Long lasting humoral immune responses in the serum and saliva were possibly accompanied by HLA-B7-restricted CTL responses. This is a vaccine prototype that can be rapidly and inexpensively modified to include other peptide epitopes. It is especially suitable for use in a worldwide multibillion Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-primed or tuberculosis-exposed population at risk for HIV-1 infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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