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Am J Emerg Med. 1995 May;13(3):294-6.

In vitro binding of lithium using the cation exchange resin sodium polystyrene sulfonate.

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Department of Pharmacy, University of Missouri, Columbia 65212, USA.


Sodium polystyrene sulfonate, a cation exchange resin, should be useful in the treatment of lithium overdosage. This in vitro study was conducted to assess the ability of sodium polystyrene sulfonate to bind lithium, effects of pH on binding, binding efficacy in comparison to charcoal, and affinity for lithium versus potassium. Stock solutions of lithium were added to fixed amounts of sodium polystyrene sulfonate and charcoal. Lithium and potassium concentrations in supernatant were measured by flame photometry. Increasing concentrations of sodium polystyrene sulfonate bound more lithium. Changes in pH had little effect on lithium binding. Lithium is bound to sodium polystyrene sulfonate more readily than to charcoal. Potassium is preferentially bound to sodium polystyrene sulfonate over lithium. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate may provide a useful therapeutic modality in the treatment of lithium overdosage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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