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Radiology. 1995 Jun;195(3):721-4.

Neurofibromatosis type 1: pathologic substrate of high-signal-intensity foci in the brain.

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1
Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate a correlation between pathologic and radiologic findings with regard to the characteristic high-signal-intensity foci seen on long repetition time (TR) magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Three girls with NF-1 and abnormal hyperintensities on long TR images of the brain underwent pathologic examination at autopsy.

RESULTS:

Two 10-year-old girls had classic, focal hyperintensities in the internal capsules and globus pallidus regions, which have been associated with NF-1. The third patient, a neonate, had diffuse hyperintensity of the supratentorial and infratentorial white matter on T2-weighted MR images. Findings at histopathologic examination revealed spongiotic change in the tissue sections that correspond to the high-signal-intensity foci demonstrated on T2-weighted images.

CONCLUSION:

Hyperintense foci seen on T2-weighted MR images appear to correspond to pathologic findings of areas of vacuolar or spongiotic change. The resultant fluid-filled vacuoles explain the occurrence of high signal intensity demonstrated on T2-weighted images.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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