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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Mar;27(3):363-70.

Exercise-induced muscle damage: effect on circulating leukocyte and lymphocyte subsets.

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Department of Physical Education, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth 76129, USA.


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of downhill and level running on circulating leukocyte and lymphocyte subsets and T lymphocyte activation. Using a random cross-over design, 10 runners completed two trials of 60 min of level running (0% grade; LR) and downhill running (-10% grade; DHR) at 70% of level VO2max. Blood samples were obtained preexercise and immediately postexercise (POST) and at 1.5, 12, 24, and 48 h of recovery. Creatine kinase activity peaked at 12 h of recovery from DHR and was not significantly altered following LR. The number of total T, CD16+, CD3+CD56+ cells were significantly higher POST DHR compared with LR. Leukocyte and neutrophil counts were significantly higher at 1.5 and 12 h of recovery from DHR compared with LR. The number of activated CD8+ cells (CD25+ CD8+) was significantly higher at 12 h of DHR compared to LR. Total T cells were significantly reduced at various time points during the 48 h of recovery from LR and DHR. In summary, DHR relative to LR resulted in a greater mobilization of lymphocytes (post), neutrophils (1.5-12 h of recovery) and activation of CD8+ cells at 12 h of recovery. In addition, reductions in circulating T lymphocyte subsets occurred following both conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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