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Kidney Int. 1995 Mar;47(3):766-73.

Expression of protein kinase C isoforms in renal tissue.

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Department of Women and Child Health, St. Göran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Erratum in

  • Kidney Int 1995 Jun;47(6):1838.


PKC plays a central role for the regulation of renal function. PKC consists of a family of isoenzymes. By employing Northern blot techniques we have demonstrated that mRNA transcripts for the classical Ca(2+)-dependent, diacylglycerol-activated isoform alpha, the novel, Ca(2+)-independent isoform delta and the atypical isoform zeta are abundantly expressed in the rat kidney. The novel PKC-epsilon was weakly expressed. The classical PKCs beta I, beta II and gamma could not be detected. The mRNA expression of PKC-delta and -zeta increased with age. The intrarenal localization of PKC-alpha, -delta and -zeta isoforms were studied in the adult kidney using in situ hybridization. In the cortex, the PKC-alpha isoform showed the strongest hybridization signal. PKC alpha, delta and zeta were all distributed in the outer medulla. The PKC-alpha probe detected particularly strong signal in the outer stripe of the outer medulla. Western blot confirmed the presence of the PKC-alpha, -delta and -zeta enzymes in renal tissue. The results show cell-specific and developmentally-dependent expression of three types of PKC isoforms with different responses to diacylglycerol and calcium. The developmental increase of both PKC-delta and PKC-zeta suggests a specific role for these isoforms for the functional regulation of the mature kidney.

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