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Hum Pathol. 1995 May;26(5):469-73.

Immunohistochemical localization of transforming growth factor-beta 1 in Kaposi's sarcoma.

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Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Immunohistochemical localization of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) was studied in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) tissues obtained from autopsy and biopsy materials of patients with and without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. There was no difference in the localization and distribution of TGF-beta 1 in KS tissues regardless of the HIV-1 status of the patients. Rabbit polyclonal antibodies to synthetic peptides, corresponding to the first 30 amino acids of mature TGF-beta 1, anti-LC(1-30), and anti-CC(1-30), were used for localization of intracellular and extracellular TGF-beta 1. An antibody to a peptide corresponding to amino acids 266 to 278 of the TGF-beta 1 precursor sequence anti-Pre(266 to 278) was used to detect the TGF-beta 1 precursor and the latency-associated peptide. Intracellular mature TGF-beta 1 was demonstrated in mononuclear cells, presumably macrophages, within KS tumors but not in spindle-shaped KS cells. Extracellular mature TGF-beta 1 was localized in the basement membranes of blood vessels and fibrous capsules of KS tumors. Intracellular reactivity to anti-Pre was localized in vascular smooth muscle cells and pericytes within the tumor, in variable proportions of spindle-shaped KS cells, and also in macrophage-like cells. These cells appear to be the production sites of TGF-beta 1, which may exert paracrine as well as autocrine proliferative effects.

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