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Free Radic Biol Med. 1995 Apr;18(4):815-21.

Oxidative modification of fibrinogen inhibits thrombin-catalyzed clot formation.

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Laboratory of Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.


Plasma fibrinogen plays a central role in controlling hemostasis. In an earlier report, we found that fibrinogen is oxidized when whole plasma is treated with a metal-catalyzed oxidation system. These studies show that oxidative modification of purified human fibrinogen leads to an exposure-dependent loss of thrombin-induced clot formation. Inhibition of clotting occurred when either metal-catalyzed oxidation or gamma-irradiation was employed to generate oxidizing radicals. Both systems caused covalent modification of fibrinogen, assessed by measuring incorporation of protein carbonyls. Thrombin-catalyzed fibrinopeptide release was normal in irradiated fibrinogen and was only slightly diminished in protein exposed to metal-catalyzed oxidation, indicating that the inhibition of clotting activity was due to impaired fibrin monomer polymerization. Thus, oxidative modification of normal fibrinogen causes dysfibrinogenemia and constitutes a novel mechanism for inhibition of thrombosis.

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