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Digestion. 1995;56(2):159-64.

Changes in bacterial phagocytosis of macrophages in experimental ulcerative colitis.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Medicine, Japan.


We previously reported that numerous macrophages which phagocytosed dextran sulfate sodium were observed to have accumulated in the mucosal lesions and in the spleen in experimental ulcerative colitis induced in mice with dextran sulfate sodium. In this paper, we investigated the bacterial phagocytic ability of macrophages which were isolated from spleens of mice treated with 3% dextran sulfate sodium for 6 months. In this model, the number of phagocytosed bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes) and the phagocytic index were significantly decreased. The phagocytic ability of splenic macrophages obtained from nontreated mice was also evaluated by incubating with dextran sulfate sodium in vitro, and adding bacteria. The number of phagocytosed bacteria and the phagocytic index were also significantly decreased. These observations suggest that the decrease in bacterial phagocytosis in this model by macrophages that phagocytosed dextran sulfate sodium indicates a decline of the mucosal defense system to bacteria.

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