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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1995 Mar;15(3):325-33.

Supplementation with low doses of vitamin E protects LDL from lipid peroxidation in men and women.

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Gaubius Laboratory, TNO-PG, Leiden, The Netherlands.


There is accumulating evidence that oxidative modification of LDL is an important step in the process of atherogenesis and that antioxidants may protect LDL from oxidation. We and others have previously shown that ingestion of pharmacological doses of the antioxidant D,L-alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E), far above the recommended daily intake (ie, 12 to 15 IU/d for adults), increases the oxidation resistance of LDL. In this study, we ascertained the minimal supplementary dose of vitamin E necessary to protect LDL against oxidation in vitro. Twenty healthy volunteers (10 men and 10 women, aged 21 to 31 years) ingested consecutively 25, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 IU/d, D,L-alpha-tocopherol acetate during six 2-week periods. No changes were observed in LDL triglyceride content, fatty acid composition of LDL, or LDL size during the intervention. Concentrations of alpha-tocopherol in plasma and LDL were both 1.2 times the baseline values after the first period (25 IU/d) and 2.6 and 2.2 times, respectively, after the last period (800 IU/d). There was a linear increase in LDL alpha-tocopherol levels up to an intake of 800 IU/d (r = .79, P < .0001) and a good correlation between alpha-tocopherol in plasma and LDL (r = .66, P < .0001). Simultaneously, the resistance of LDL to oxidation was elevated dose-dependently (+28% after the last period) and differed significantly from the baseline resistance time even after ingestion of only 25 IU/d.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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