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Cytokine. 1995 Jan;7(1):70-7.

Differential regulation of the human, interferon inducible tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase by various cytokines in cell lines.

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Department of Molecular Biology, University of Aarhus, Denmark.


Cytokines regulate the expression of specific sets of proteins which mediate their biological effects. We have comprehensively delineated the regulation of the human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (hWRS) by eight different cytokines (including IFNs) and poly(I).poly(C) in several cell lines. Six non-lymphoid cell lines were tested, and all of these produced human, IFN inducible hWRS (gamma 2) mRNA upon stimulation with IFN-gamma. In all these cell lines the level of gamma 2 mRNA increased 2-4 h after induction reaching a stable plateau after 8-12 h. The IFN-gamma induction of gamma 2 mRNA could be blocked by cycloheximide in human amniotic (AMA) cells, epithelial HeLa cells and HT1080 fibroblasts, but not in T98G glioblastoma cells. IFN-alpha and poly(I).poly(C) elicited small, transient gamma 2 responses in a few of the non-lymphoid cell lines, whereas none of the other six cytokines tested elicited a response. The six lymphoid cell lines tested did not show the same induction pattern. In the monocytic cells, THP-1, gamma 2 mRNA was highly induced by IFN-gamma, whereas in the B-cell line, Daudi, gamma 2 mRNA was transiently induced by IFN-alpha and poly(I).poly(C), and not by IFN-gamma. Altered mRNA turnover rate as a consequence of IFN-gamma treatment did not appear to play a significant role in the accumulation of gamma 2 transcript, since the stability essentially was the same in induced versus non-induced cells. We conclude that the hWRS gene is induced preferentially by IFN-gamma, and that the induction pattern resembles the one reported for the IFN induced enzyme, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO).

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