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Biomaterials. 1995 Feb;16(3):225-8.

Hydroxyapatite-based porous aggregates: physico-chemical nature, structure, texture and architecture.

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CNR, Research Institute for Ceramics Technology, Faenza, Italy.


At the request of medical teams from the maxillofacial sector, a highly porous ceramic support based on hydroxyapatite of around 70-80% porosity was produced with a pore size distribution similar to bone texture (< 10 microns, approximately 3 vol%; 10-150 microns, approximately 110 vol%; > 150 microns, approximately 86 vol%). The ceramic substrates were conceived not only as a fillers for bone cavities, but also for use as drug dispensers and as supports to host cells to produce particular therapeutic agents. A method is suggested to obtain a substrate of high porosity, exploiting the impregnation of spongy substrate with hydroxyapatite ceramic particles. X-ray and scanning electron microscopy analyses were carried out to evaluate the nature of the new ceramic support in comparison with the most common commercial product; pore size distribution and porosity were controlled to known hydroxyapatite ceramic architecture for the different possible uses.

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