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Ann Hematol. 1995 Apr;70(4):171-87.

Cytogenetic findings in 179 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.

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Zentrum Innere Medizin, Department of Hematology and Oncology, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany.


Cytogenetic analyses were performed on 266 bone marrow and peripheral blood samples from 179 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). According to the FAB classification, 42 patients presented with RA, 18 with RARS, 37 with RAEB, 22 with CMML, and 29 with RAEB-T. Nine patients showed a secondary MDS (S MDS). FAB classification was not available for 22 patients. Clonal karyotype anomalies were found in 92 patients (51.4%). Complex chromosome abnormalities occurred in 17 (18.5%) of them. An evolution of the karyotype was detected in 16 cases (17.4%). Cytogenetically independent cells or cell clones were found in eight patients. Nonclonal chromosome abnormalities were uncovered in 29 (16.2%) of the 179 MDS patients. Consecutive studies were performed in 48 patients and revealed a good correlation of initial karyotype and clinical course. The most frequent single anomalies were 5q- in 29 (31.5%), -7 in 22 (23.9%), trisomy 1q in 14 (15.2%), and +8 in 13 (14.1%) of 92 patients respectively. Our cytogenetic findings are presented in detail and discussed in relation to patients' age, morphological classification, clinical course, and prognostic impact. The contribution of cytogenetic findings to the delineation of multistep pathogenesis of MDS with special emphasis to karyotype instability is demonstrated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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