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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 1995 May;52(5):415-9.

Estrogen dependent expression of heat shock transcription factor: implications for uterine synthesis of heat shock proteins.

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1
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA.

Abstract

Transcriptional induction of heat shock protein genes is generally mediated by binding of heat shock transcription factor(s) to the heat shock element present in the promoters of heat shock genes. Although the steady-state levels of heat shock factor mRNAs vary among different tissues, at present virtually nothing is known regarding the cellular signals responsible for their synthesis and hence the observed variations. In this report we demonstrate that the heat shock transcription factor (HSTF or HSF) is under positive regulation by estrogen. The effect of estrogen was observed with both types of heat shock factors (HSF-1 and HSF-2) and occurred at both the mRNA and protein level. Immunolocalization studies emphasized the potential biological importance of these observations whereby the increase in uterine HSF-1 and HSF-2 due to estrogen was found to be associated with the endometrium, the primary tissue component which is targeted for estrogen action. This is the first demonstration of a cellular factor which can regulate HSF-1 and HSF-2 gene expression. The implications of these findings to uterine heat shock protein gene expression are discussed.

PMID:
7748806
DOI:
10.1016/0960-0760(94)00191-n
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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