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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995 Apr;61(4):1399-407.

Purification of Thermotoga maritima enzymes for the degradation of cellulosic materials.

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1
Institut für Mikrobiologie, Technische Universität München, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

A separation procedure for the analysis of the enzyme components of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima involved in cellulose and xylan degradation was developed. Resolution of the enzymes was achieved by a combination of fast protein liquid chromatography anion exchange and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. Enzyme fractions were assayed for hydrolysis of Avicel, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), beta-glucan, laminarin, xylan, p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-glucoside, p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-cellobioside, p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-xyloside, p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside, and 4-O-methyl-glucuronosyl-xylotriose. The activities of two cellulases, one laminarinase, one xylanase, two putative beta-D-xylosidases, alpha-D-glucuronidase, and alpha-L-arabinosidase were identified. Because of their selective retardation on a Superdex gel filtration column, the two cellulases could be purified to homogeneity. According to sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, molecular masses of 27 and 29 kDa, respectively, were determined for cellulase I and cellulase II. Maximal activities of both enzymes were observed at 95 degree C between pH 6.0 and 7.5. In the presence of 2.5 M NaC1 the purified enzymes retained about 90% of their initial activities after a 6-h incubation at 80 degree C. On the basis of its activity towards CMC, cellulase I was classified as endo-beta-1,4-glucanase. Cellulase II was able to attack Avicel in addition to CMC, beta-glucan, and p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-cellobioside. It releases cellobiose and cellotriose from Avicel. The latter product is further cleaved into glucose and cellobiose. Cellulase II may therefore be classified as exo-beta-1,4-glucanase.

PMID:
7747960
PMCID:
PMC167397
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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