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J Appl Bacteriol. 1995 Apr;78(4):402-8.

Salmonella typhimurium DT 193: differentiation of an epidemic phage type by antibiogram, plasmid profile, plasmid fingerprint and salmonella plasmid virulence (spv) gene probe.

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Laboratory of Enteric Pathogens, Central Public Health Laboratory, London, UK.


Of over 2000 isolates of Salmonella typhimurium DT 193 from humans examined in the 2 year period 1991-92, 93% were antibiotic-resistant with the most common R-types being ASSuT (38%) and T (29%). Fourteen plasmid profiles were identified in DT 193 R-type ASSuT with the majority of isolates being characterized by a single plasmid of 80 MDa (pDEP 34) which in addition to coding for ASSuT, also hybridized with a spv gene probe prepared from the 50 MDa Salm. dublin serovar-specific plasmid. On the basis of restriction fragment length polymorphisms, two variant lines of pDEP 34-like plasmids were identified and a third line which had lost the genes coding for resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin and sulphonamides, was recognized. Although 18 plasmid profile types were identified in DT 193 R-type T, all isolates carried a high mol. wt plasmid which coded for tetracycline resistance only. Further discrimination was achieved on the basis of hybridization of tetracycline resistance plasmids with the spv gene probe and restriction enzyme fingerprinting. These results demonstrate that Salm. typhimurium DT 193 can be rapidly subdivided by antibiogram and that further subdivision can be achieved on the basis of plasmid profile, plasmid fingerprint and hybridization with a spv gene probe.

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