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Clin Exp Immunol. 1995 May;100(2):319-24.

Increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in a murine model of pulmonary eosinophilia and high IgE level.

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1
Unité de Recherche, Centre de Pneumologie, Ste-Foy, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

T lymphocytes and eosinophils are probably involved in the pathogenesis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), a disease characterized by pulmonary eosinophilia and high serum and lavage IgE levels. We recently developed a murine model of ABPA. To investigate the mechanisms of T lymphocyte and eosinophil recruitment to the lung in this disease, we examined the expression of ICAM-1 in the lung tissue of mouse challenged with Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) antigen. C57B1/6 mice were intranasally exposed to Af (Af group) or saline (control group) three times a week for 1, 2 or 3 weeks. On days 4, 7, 14 and 21, mice were killed and lung tissue was fixed in acetone and embedded in glycol methacrylate. Serial 2-microns sections were stained with chromotrope 2R and MoAbs against ICAM-1, CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1) and CD3. Af-challenged mice presented significant increases in eosinophil, T lymphocyte and LFA-1-positive cell count and up-regulated expression of ICAM-1 in the lung tissue at all the time points examined. ICAM-1 expression intensity correlated with the number of T lymphocytes (r = 0.59, P < 0.01), LFA-1-positive cells (r = 0.68, P < 0.001), but not of eosinophils (r = -0.24, P > 0.05). These findings suggest that up-regulation of ICAM-1 expression is involved in the inflammatory process of this murine model of ABPA, and that this up-regulation may be more relevant to the the T lymphocyte accumulation in the lung.

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