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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1995 Feb;11(2):273-85.

Distribution of SIV in lymph nodes of serially sacrificed rhesus monkeys.

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1
Department of Pathology, Tulane Regional Primate Research Center, Tulane University, Covington, Louisiana 70433, USA.

Abstract

Rhesus monkeys were inoculated with SIVDeltaB670 and sacrificed 2, 4, 8, and 24 weeks after inoculation or when moribund. Two monkeys predicted to have a rapid disease course and two predicted to have a slower disease course were sacrificed at each time point. Lymph nodes were studied by histopathology, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, electron microscopy, flow cytometry for lymphocyte subsets, and mitogen responsiveness. A greater selective decrease in peripheral CD4+CD29+ (helper-inducer/memory) T cells occurred in monkeys with high antigenemia. Although the percentage of CD8+ lymphocytes was increased and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio decreased in all infected groups, there were no consistent differences between monkeys with high or low antigenemia in lymph node lymphocyte subsets. Blastogenic responses of lymph node lymphocytes to PHA, ConA, or PWM were not significantly altered in infected monkeys. A reticular pattern typical of antigen deposition within germinal center follicular dendritic cells was seen in three monkeys with atrophic lymph nodes, high serum antigenemia, and a low percentage of circulating CD4+/CD29+ cells. More individually stained cells were in monkeys with high serum antigen and in moribund animals. By in situ hybridization, most monkeys had signal in a reticular pattern of germinal centers. Animals with higher levels of serum antigenemia tended to have more infected cells and a more intense signal. Extracellular virions were found between the FDC foot processes in the germinal centers of lymph nodes. Disease course was already established 2 weeks after inoculation.

PMID:
7742041
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1995.11.273
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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