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Neurosci Lett. 1995 Jan 16;184(1):40-3.

Transfecting neurons and glia in the rat using pH-sensitive immunoliposomes.

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Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA.


Immunoliposomes were constructed using antibody 5-113 (directed to an antigen on the external surface rat glial cells), the antibody Thy 1.1, and a non-immune antibody. The antibodies were conjugated to N-gluytaryl-phosphatidylethanolamine. Liposomes were constructed with these conjugated antibodies, other lipids and a beta-galactosidase plasmid under the control of the cytomegalovirus promoter. When immunoliposomes decorated with one of three different antibodies were injected into the brain or spinal cord of adult rats, the X-gal reaction product was observed in neurons, astrocytes and vascular elements. There was an increase in neuronal labeling when animals were injected with Thy 1.1 conjugated liposomes and there was an increase in glial labeling in animals injected with 5-113 liposomes. In spinal cords, the immunoliposomes appear to penetrate a substantial distance, transfecting neurons several centimeters from the site of delivery. These data suggest that immunoliposomes may provide an effective transfection system for gene delivery in the CNS.

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