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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1994 Dec;68(2):197-208.

Expression and localization of Trypanosoma cruzi hsp60.

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Department of Microbiology-Immunology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL 60611.


A 60-kDa heat shock protein (hsp60) is involved in mitochondrial protein folding and assembly of oligomeric protein complexes in the mitochondrial matrix. Here we report the isolation of Trypanosoma cruzi hsp60 cDNAs, the determination of the organization and chromosomal location of the genes, and the assessment of the heat-regulated expression and subcellular location of the protein. T. cruzi hsp60 is encoded by a multigene family organized in two allelic direct tandem arrays on a chromosome of 1.6 Mb. The regulation of hsp60 expression by heat is complex. While the hsp60 mRNA level is 6-fold higher at 37 degrees C than at either 26 degrees C, the hsp60 protein level remains essentially constant across all temperatures examined. Further analysis of the protein by two-dimensional immunoblotting revealed the existence of multiple isoforms that, with increasing temperature, shift in relative abundance from the more basic to the more acidic. A combination of immunofluorescence microscopy and cell fractionation was used to show that hsp60 is distributed throughout the matrix of the mitochondrion--a location distinct from that of the 70-kDa mitochondrial hsp, mtp70, which is associated with the kinetoplast.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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