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J Mol Biol. 1995 Apr 28;248(2):316-27.

Molecular analysis of an A-protein secretion mutant of Aeromonas salmonicida reveals a surface layer-specific protein secretion pathway.

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Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, B.C., Canada.


The Aeromonas salmonicida Tn5 mutant, A449-TM1, is unable to secrete the surface layer protein (A-protein) through the outer membrane. Immunogold labeling of thin sections of A449-TM1, with polyclonal antisera against the A-protein, showed the accumulation of large quantities of A-protein in an enlarged periplasm. The majority of the labeled A-protein could be seen at the poles of the cells. The ability of A449-TM1 to secrete other extracellular proteins such as hemolysin and protease was not impaired by the Tn5 insertion, which indicates that the mutation in A449-TM1 interferes with a secretion pathway specifically for the translocation of the A-protein through the outer membrane. The mutant, A449-TM1, was shown to be avirulent for fish. A cosmid clone from a gene library of A449-TM1, which contains the Tn5 insertion from the chromosome, was used to identify a 1.4 kb SaII/ClaI fragment from immediately adjacent to the Tn5 insertion. This fragment was used to identify and clone a 4 kb HindIII fragment from a chromosomal DNA digest from the wild-type strain, A449. DNA sequence analysis of this clone identified an open reading frame (ORF) of 1656 bp. The deduced product of this ORF showed sequence similarity to a family of ATP-binding secretion proteins, but appeared to be phylogenetically distinct from these proteins, consistent with its participation in a secretory pathway specific for surface layer protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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