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J Med Vet Mycol. 1994 Dec;32(6):447-59.

Differential release of an immunodominant 65 kDa mannoprotein antigen from yeast and mycelial forms of Candida albicans.

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Laboratory of Bacteriology and Medical Mycology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.


The release of mannoprotein (MP) antigen from Candida albicans grown at 28 degrees C (yeast form) or 37 degrees C (mycelial form), and the ability of each released material to stimulate a cell-mediated immune (CMI) response by human lymphocytes in vitro, were studied. Overall, the mycelial cells released more MP per unit of dry mass increase and the released material was relatively enriched with MP constituents of lower molecular mass with respect to the material released from yeast cells. Moreover, the mycelial MP contained a 65 kDa component (MP65) which was the largely predominant MP recognized by a rabbit anti-mycelium antiserum. When peripheral blood mononuclear cells from normal human subjects were stimulated in vitro with graded amounts of yeast or mycelial MP, the latter was about one order of magnitude more potent than the former in inducing lymphocyte proliferation. Following MP separation by gel permeation chromatography, an appreciable CMI response was stimulated only by the MP65-containing MP fractions, and to a degree apparently related to the amount of MP65 itself. Altogether, these data confirm our previous findings about the MP65 antigen as a major target of CMI response to C. albicans, and demonstrate that this antigen is released predominantly by the mycelial cells of the fungus in vitro.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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