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J Biol Chem. 1995 May 5;270(18):10915-22.

Cardiotrophin-1. Biological activities and binding to the leukemia inhibitory factor receptor/gp130 signaling complex.

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1
Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080, USA.

Abstract

Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a newly isolated cytokine that was identified based on its ability to induce cardiac myocyte hypertrophy. It is a member of the family of cytokines that includes interleukins-6 and -11, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), ciliary neurotrophic factor, and oncostatin M. These cytokines induce a pleiotropic set of growth and differentiation activities via receptors that use a common signaling subunit, gp130. In this work we determine the activity of CT-1 in six in vitro biological assays and examine the composition of its cell surface receptor. We find that CT-1 is inactive in stimulating the growth of the hybridoma cell line, B9 and inhibits the growth of the mouse myeloid leukemia cell line, M1. CT-1 induces a phenotypic switch in rat sympathetic neurons and promotes the survival of rat dopaminergic and chick ciliary neurons. CT-1 also inhibits the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells. CT-1 and LIF cross-compete for binding to M1 cells, Kd [CT-1] approximately 0.7 nM, and this binding is inhibited by an anti-gp130 monoclonal antibody. Both ligands can be specifically cross-linked to a protein on M1 cells with the mobility of the LIF receptor (approximately 200 kDa). In addition, CT-1 binds directly to a purified, soluble form of the LIF receptor in solution (Kd approximately 2 nM). These data show that CT-1 has a wide range of hematopoietic, neuronal, and developmental activities and that it can act via the LIF receptor and the gp130 signaling subunit.

PMID:
7738033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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