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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1995 Jan;86(1):35-40.

Genetic complementation of the immortal phenotype in group D cell lines by introduction of chromosome 7.

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Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, University of Tokyo.


Human immortal cell lines have been classified into at least four (A-D) genetic complementation groups by cell-cell hybrid analysis, i.e., a hybrid derived from different groups becomes mortal. Recently we have demonstrated that introduction of human chromosome 7 suppresses indefinite division potential in the non-tumorigenic human immortalized fibroblast lines KMST-6 and SUSM-1, both assigned to complementation group D. By extending our microcell-mediated chromosome transfer, we found that chromosome 7 also suppresses division potential in the human hepatoma line HepG2 (again, assigned to group D). Chromosome 7 was thus shown to suppress indefinite growth in the above group D cell lines irrespective of their cell types, or whether they are tumorigenic or not. Since chromosome 7 had no such effect on representative cell lines derived from complementation group A, B or C, these results indicate that the senescence gene(s) commonly mutated in the group D cell lines is located on chromosome 7.

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